Lu'lu'ah (lulwa) wrote in martinlingssira,
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Chronology of Events

As salaamu alaikum,
Sorry I haven't finished the remaining three topics that I meant to cover in the previous post =\ I'm known for my short attention span =P Anyways, I was looking at some of the appendices in the back of Emerick's book and it had this nifty outline of the major events that took place during the Prophet's (S) life. I think we should use this as a starting point to list some of other events that took place, just so it can all be easy to refer to =) I can think of two off the top of my head that aren't listed here, but I don't know what year it took place so I'll have to look it up. Comment on whatever else you think should be added to the timeline and I'll make the necessary changes to the post =) Hopefully this will get everyone involved- it's been a lil dead in here- Hello! =P Take care ppl, ma'asalaama~
An Outline of the Major Events of Muhammad's (S) Life:


Year (C.E.)

Muhammad’s (S) age

Event

570

0

Mecca repels an invading army from Yemen in what is called the Year of the Elephant. Muhammad’s (S) father, ‘Abdullah, dies in Yathrib. Muhammad (S) is born

570-575

0-5

Muhammad (S) is raised by the Bedouin tribe of Banu Sa’d

576

6

Muhammad’s (S) mother, Aminah, dies near Yathrib

578

8

Muhammad’s (S) grandfather ‘Abdel Muttalib, dies in Mecca. Muhammad (S) joins his Uncle Abu Talib’s household

582

12

Muhammad (S) accompanies a caravan to Syria

594

24

Muhammad (S) leads Khadijah’s caravan to Syria

595

25

Muhammad (S) marries Khadijah in Mecca. They eventually have six children: two boys and four girls. The boys pass away in infancy

610

40

Muhammad (S) receives his first revelation on Mount Hijra’ just outside Mecca

613

43

Muhammad (S) preaches in public and is persecuted by the Quraysh tribe

615

45

Some of Muhammad’s (S) followers migrate to Abyssinia

617-619

47-49

Muhammad (S) and the other Muslims are forced to leave Mecca and live in the surrounding desert. This time becomes known as the Boycott

619

49

Abu Talib and Khadijah die. Muhammad (S) goes on his Night Journey and Ascension to Heaven

620

50

Muhammad (S) marries a widow named Sawdah and is engaged to A’ishah. Muhammad (S) meets the first delegation of six people from Yathrib

621

51

Twelve citizens of Yathrib make the First Pledge of ‘Aqaba

622

52

Seventy-five citizens of Yathrib take the Second Pledge of ‘Aqaba. Muhammad (S) and the other Muslims leave Mecca on the Hijrah, or migration to Yathrib

623

53

Yathrib is renamed Medina. The Muslims sign treaties with the three Jewish tribes of the city. Muhammad (S) marries ‘Aishah

624

54

The Muslims defeat the Quraysh in the Battle of BAdr. The Banu Qaynuqa are exiled from Medina. The Ka’bah becomes the direction of prayer, supplementing Jerusalem. Muhammad’s (S) daughter Fatimah marries ‘Ali, the son of Abu Talib. Muhammad’s (S) other daughter, Ruqqayah, dies a few days after Badr

625

55

The Quraysh defeat the Muslims on the Day of Uhud. The Banu Nadir are exiled from Medina. Muhammad (S) marries Hafsa, the daughter of ‘Umar

626

56

Muhammad (S) marries Zaynab bint Khuzaima, Umm Salamah, and Juwairiyah

627

57

After laying siege to Medina, an army of Arab tribes is forced to retreat. The Banu Qurayza are subdued. Muhammad (S) marries Zaynab bint Jahsh

628

58

The Muslims and the Quraysh sign the Treaty of Hudaybiyah. The Muslims defeat the Jews at Khaybar. Muhammad (S) marries Safiyah, Umm Habibah, and Maria. Maria gives birth to a boy named Ibrahim, but he dies in infancy

629

59

Muhammad (S) leads a lesser pilgrimage to Mecca. A famed Meccan general, Khalid ibn Walid, as well as Muhammad’s (S) uncle, ‘Abbas, convert to Islam. Muhammad (S) marries Maymunah and sends letters to world rulers to tell them about Islam. The Muslims hold off the Byzantines at the Battle of Mu’tah

630

60

The Quraysh of Mecca surrender peacefully to Muhammad’s (S) army. Abu Sufyan, the last idolatrous leader of Mecca, converts to Islam. The Muslims defeat the Arab alliance led by Malik ibn ‘Awf on the Day of Hunayn and during the siege of Ta’if. Muhammad (S) leads an army to Tabuk to fight the Byzantines and winds up making alliances with Syrian tribes instead

631

61

Ta’if surrenders. Abu Bakr takes on more duties. The Year of Deputations begins

632

63

Muhammad (S) leads the Farewell Pilgrimage to Mecca. Muhammad dies, and Abu Bakr is elected the first Caliph of Islam.


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